Posted on Oct 28, 2012 in 1864 | 0 comments

September, 1864 – Surrender of Atlanta

Surrender of Atlanta

Beginning Location:  Near Marietta, Georgia

Sep. 1

This is my birthday which makes me 40 years old, broke down and in poor health.  Rumors of heavy fighting in front, nothing official.  Great battle on the Macon RR south of Atlanta. [Battle of Jonesboro, Aug. 31, 1864, final battle of the Atlanta Campaign]

Sep. 2

Health stil poor, nothing official from the Army of the Tennessee (Union Army).  Weather cool and pleasant with quite cold nights.  Atlanta taken possession of by the Federal Army.

Sep. 3

The news of the capture of Atlanta confirmed this morning.  This is the morning news.  Very heavy hail and rain storm about noon today.  Rain all night.

Sep. 4

Sabbath.  Cool and pleasant all day, not so well today.  no news from the front today of any importance.  News of the capture of Wheeler near Nashville.

Sep. 5

Still in poor health.  Heard from the regiment.  Twelve carloads of wounded brought from the front, many bad wounded.

Sep. 6

Health improving.  News encouraging from the Corps.  Report that the campaign is ended and the Army of the Tenn going into camp at Eastport, 6 miles south of Atlanta.

Sep. 7

News unimportant.  Heath poor and weather cool and wet.

Sep. 8

Nothing new from the front.  Grapevine news plenty.  Health very poor. 8 forage wagons captured on the Roswell road east of Marietta by a band of guerrillas. No news from the north, communication being cut off.

Sep. 9

Friday.  Very warm.  Beare and Peterson went to the front.  Weather pleasant and col.

Sep. 10

Discharged from the Corps. hospital.  Left Marietta at dark, arrived at Atlanta 10 at night.  Laid on a platform near the RR.

Sep. 11

Sabbath.  Eat breakfast at Solder’s Home in Atlanta.  Joined the reg’t about noon and moved back to the same camp.

Sep. 12

Ordered to move 1 mile and went into camp in the woods.  Flag of truce went out for 10 days for exchange [of prisoners].

Sep. 13

Fixed up our tent and wrote a letter to Thomas Jontz.  Not in very good health, weather pleasant.

Sep. 14

Clean up the quarters and a piece of ground for to hold religious services.  The reg’t drawn up in line to hear Maj. Gen. John A. Logan’s congratulatory order to the 15th Army Corps read.

Sep. 15

Thursday.  Morning cool and pleasant.  Health today about as usual.  No news yet from the flag of truce or exchange of prisoners.

Sep. 16

Very cool morning.  The night was also cold.  Weather dry and warm through the day.  Visited Br. Harry and stayed all night.

Sep. 17

Nothing new in camp.  Weather warm and dry, appearance of rain in afternoon.  Short of rations.

Sep. 18

Sabbath.  Wake up and find it raining greatly.  Get breakfast while raining.  Health better this morning.

Sep. 19

Met after reveille for morning prayer.  Breakfast at 6, worked on clothing book and payrolls.  Religious interest in the reg’t on the increase, health better.  Lieut. starts home.

Sep. 20

Weather cool and pleasant.  Regimental inspection at 10.  Health poor.

Sep. 21

Quite unwell this morning.  Heavy rain with the appearance of rain all day.  Rainy and wet all day.  Glorious meetings.

Sep. 22

Very cloudy and cool.  News of Sheridan’s victory over Early causing great rejoicing among the troops.  Afternoon mooved our camp to Eastport, north of the West Point RR amid heavy rain.  [Blogger’s Note: The news of Sheridan’s victory probably refers to the Third Battle of Winchester (Battle of Opequon), part of the Valley Campaigns of 1864]

Sep. 23

Cloudy with a little rain.  Clean up our quarters.  Rain nearly all day.  No news of any importance.  Rumors of Ind. soldiers going home to vote.

Sep. 24

Get up with pain in head.  Cloudy and rainy this morning.  William and I work on an oven for the brigade.

Sep. 25

Sabbath.  Very cool and pleasant   Wrote a letter to Wayne Nelson.  Sermon by Chaplain Gage from these words “Am I my brother’s keeper”

Sep. 26

Went to work on the oven for the Brig this morning.  Recv’d 4 dollars for 2 1/2 days work.

Sep. 27

Pleasant and warm.  Health moderate.  Religious interest on the increase in the reg’t.  Sermon in the evening by Chaplain Massey* of the 48th Ill Reg’t from 2nd Kings, 5th Chap and 13 verse.

Sep. 28

Get up with pain in the head.  Rain this morning.  Wrote a letter home.  Major Johnson and the officers of our reg’t return from Dixie exchanged.  They were all captured on the 22nd of July.

Sep. 29

Very pleasant this morning.  Brigade review at 1 o’clock today.  Saw Br. Harry.  His health very poor.

Sep. 30

Very warm this morning.  Meeting at 10 o’clock, Division review at 1/2 past 12.  Heavy rain at night.  Nagle on picket.


Ending Location:  Unclear, presumably near original regimental camp near Decatur, Georgia



Battle of Atlanta

There’s a curious note about Captain Richard H. Massey, chaplain in the official history of the 40th Illinois Infantry.  It hints of some controversy.


The History Channel ( has a short video that give a synopsis of the Battle of Atlanta.



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