Posted on Nov 5, 2012 in 1864 | 0 comments

October, 1864 – Protecting Sherman’s Supply Line

 

Beginning Location:  Unclear, presumably near original regimental camp near Decatur, Georgia

Oct.1

Saturday.  Get up with severe headache and find it wet out of tent.  Many rumors about Indiana soldiers going home to vote and rumors of Lee’s defeat and terms of peace asked for by Jeff Davis.  Little mixed I think.  Feel anxious to know whether my furlough is sent back approved or not, hope it wil be at last.  Was out practicing at 10.

Oct. 2

Sabbath.  Morning cloudy and appearance for rain.  Met at 6 in the morning for morning prayer meeting.  Meeting at 10 o’clock, preaching at 2 by Chaplain Gage from St. John, 3rd chapter and 14 verse by first reading Numbers 21st chapter, 7 including the 9th verse.

Oct. 4

Left Eastpoint for Marietta, crossed the Chattahoochee about 3pm, rested about 2 hours, made coffee and resumed our march.  Went into camp about 1/2 past nine.  Sore feet and very tired and hungry.  Various reports of rebs in our rear.  Camped about 5 miles south of Marietta, Ga.

[Blogger’s Note:  I believe the following troop movements were made in response to Hood’s Tennessee Campaign, also known as the Franklin-Nashville Campaign, attempts made by the Confederates to attack Sherman’s supply lines.  Compare the map below to Sherman’s troop movements in the map at the link above.]

Oct. 5

Left camp 7 am, marched west, struck the Marietta and Sandtown road about 7 miles south east of Marietta and marched to within 4 miles of Marietta and camped inside the rebel works.  Appearance of rain.  Went to bed hungry as the teams failed to get up.

Oct. 6

Drew rations today for 5 days.  Rained all day. Orders to be ready to march at moment’s notice. Order countermanded in the evening.

Oct. 7

Friday.  Clear and warm this morning.  Reveille at 1/2 past 5.  Ordered out in connection with the 76th Ohio of our Brigade on a scout.  Retuned in the evening after going as far as Sweetwater.

Oct. 8

Get up at 5 this morning.  Very cool and windy.  General call at 3.  March at 4.  Passed Marietta on the Big Shanty road and camped in a large open field 15 miles from Big Shanty and 3 miles north of Kennesaw Mountain.  The night was very cold and the troops suffered very much.

Oct. 9

Sabbath.  Morning cold, sun rose clear. Moved and went into camp about 3pm day clear and cold. No meeting today.

Oct. 10

Very heavy white frost this morning. Day cool. Still in camp near Big Shanty. Marched at 4, passed Big Shanty, Acworth and camped near Altoona Pass about 12 at night. Distance 15 miles.

Oct. 11

March at 1/2 past 5. Passed Altoona. Crossed the Etawa River, Cartersville and Cassville and went into camp near Kingston, 83 miles from Chattanooga and 55 from Atlanta.

Oct. 12

Marched at 7 am, passed through Kingston, took the Rome road, went into camp about sundown.  35 miles east of Rome, after marching 18 miles.

Oct. 13

Morning clear and pleasant, rained a light shower during the night. Rested in camp today awaiting orders. Marched at 5 in the evening. Went into camp at 4 in the morning, cooked beef. Got no sleep last night. Cold. 10 miles to Resaca.

Oct. 14

Reveille at 5, marched at 6 on the Rome and Resaca Road. Camped at night on the Chattanooga and Atlanta RR at Calhoun.  Marched 16 miles. Very tired and lame with rheumatism.

Oct. 15

Reveille at 4. marched at 5, crossed the Ostinola in to Resaca and rested. marched at 11 on the Snake Creek Gap. Rested within a mile of the Gap and cooked dinner. Marched again at 4. Entered the Gap at dark and marche till 11 at night. Day’s march 21 miles. Rebs cut the Gap full of timbers.

Oct. 16

Sabbath. Morning clear.  General call at 5. March in pursuit of rebs at 7. Brigade in Advance. Skirmishing commenced at Villanow to Taylor’s Ridge where the 26th Iowa of our Brigade lost 2 killed and a number wounded, capturing 52 prisoners, 1 major, 1 captain and 1 first lieutenant.  Our reg’t made a flank movement to the right of the pass climbing the mountain and rested and I made coffee for dinner. Camped on the summit of the mountain, very cold.  Rockets thrown up as a signal for some other points north.

Oct. 17

Morning clear and cold. No Order for marching up to 12.  General at 3, marched at 4, took the Lafayette Road and camped in a large open field at the edge of town, distance 6 miles from Taylor’s Ridge.

Oct. 18

Reveille at 5.  General at 6. Marched at 1/2 past 8 taking the direction of Rome. Our advance coming up to the rebs about 12 miles from Lafayette.  Our Division went into camp about 3 miles from Summerville.  Day pleasant.

Oct. 19

Marched at 8. Marched 3 1/2 miles and passed through Summerville. Rested on the west side of town  and drew 5 days 1/2 rations. March 6 1/2 miles and went into camp for the night.

Oct. 20

Today 2 regt’s, the 12th Indiana and 26th Iowa were detached from the Brigade as train guard. Left camp about 8 am, marched all day and until 12 at night. This day we marched 20 miles.

Oct. 21

Reveille at 5, marched 8 1/2 o’clock, passed through Gaylesville, here we struck the Chatooga River and turned west by south and crossed the Little river. Went into camp about 3 pm after marching 7 miles.

Oct. 22

Today we lay in camp and rested. 65 teams went to Rome for rations.

Oct. 23

Sabbath.  Very heavy frost this morning  Sun rose clear but air cool. Sent a letter home today, the first since the 3rd of the month. Health poor, very lame from rheumatism. Preaching in evening by Chaplain.

Oct. 24

Very pleasant this morning. Still in camp at Little River, a branch of the Chatooga River. 2nd and 3rd Brigades and 2nd Division of the 15th Corps. left for the front, 17 miles distant.

Oct. 25

Still in camp at Little river in Cherokee Co. Alabama. No news from the front. Health poor, about wore out.  Wrote a letter to Bishop Keplinger.

Oct. 26

Still resting in camp. Our 2nd Brigade and the 2nd Division of our Corps returned to camp after driving the rebs from their position near Blue Pond, near the terminus of Lookout Mountain with but little loss.

Oct. 27

Wake up this morning and find it raining. Still remain in camp at Little River. Clear again at noon and vry warm. Health poor. Alarm of an attack at 9 at night. Orders to strengthen our works. Co. D sent out as a reserve for pickets.

Oct. 28

Morning clear and frosty. Still in camp at Little River awaiting marching orders. Foragers bring in a soldier of the 12th Ky 23C killed by guerrillas.

Oct. 29

Reveille at 5. March at 6. Crossed Little River and march 3 miles and crossed the Chatooga River and come to a small place called Cedar Bluff, situated on the banks of the Coosa.  Here we rested to let the 17th A. C. cross.  Crossed the Coosa at 3 pm, marched out on the Jacksonville Road 8 miles and camped in a pine grove.

Oct. 30

Sabbath.  Morning cloudy, train guard today. March on the Jacksonville Road for 3 miles and then turn east for Rome. After marching 19 miles, the rear of our train fired into by the rebs but did no damage.

Oct. 31

Reveille at 5.  General at 6. Marched at 8. Stopped at Cave Springs and mustered for pay which makes 10 months due. Estimated for clothing this morning. Visited the deaf and dumb asylum and seminary and cave in the mountain north west of town.  There is 2 meeting house, M.E.C. and Baptists, both fine buildings.

Ending Location:  Cave Springs, Georgia

 

Links:

John Bell Hood:  The Army of Tennessee: 1864 Tennessee Campaign

Essence of Coffee

That Indispensable Civil War Coffee

 

 

Approximate Travels During October, 1864

 


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