Posted on Oct 27, 2012 in 1864 | 0 comments

July, 1864 – Battle of Peachtree Creek

An example of a Union Signal Corps. detachment.

Beginning Location:  Big Shanty, Kennesaw, Georgia

Jul. 1

Friday. Quiet all day until about sundown when our artillery shelled Kennesaw and Bald Mountains most terribly for the space of about one hour.

Jul. 2

Packed up the hospital tents about noon ready for mooving to the right.  Left about dark and marched 5 miles and camped at midnight.

Jul. 3

Morning pleasant, rebs left Kennesaw and Bald Mountains last night. This morning the Stars and Stripes float over the rebel works, the Signal Corps. is on the top.  Signal our troops, about faces and takes the Marietta road and halt 2 miles north of the town, awaiting orders.  Stayed all night and slept in a home for the 2nd time since I enlisted.

Jul. 4

Monday.  March at 8 passed through Marietta.  Crossed west of the Rail road and about 9 or 10 miles nearly south near front and corralled the teams and ambulances.  Saw Br. George of the 128th Ind.  A national salute of 32 guns fired late in the evening.

Jul. 5

Tuesday.  Very warm and sultry.  Health poor. Moove about 3 miles toward the front with the hospital train.  Heavy cannonading in our front.  Troops on the right reported crossing Chattahoochee River.

Jul. 6

Moove at 8, 2 miles and established a Div. hospital.  Many sick coming in from the reg’ts.  Heavy cannonading and skirmishing all day with but little loss on either side so far as we could learn.

Jul. 7

Morning very warm, weather dry.  Skirmishing in front.  Went to Battery H, 1st Ill to take a look at the rebel forts and works.  Saw Atlanta.  Heavy artillery duel in the evening and skirmishing at 11 at night.  Our skirmishers cross a creek near the rebel works.

Jul. 8

All quiet in front this morning until about 8 o’clock.  The artillery and skirmishing commenced and some wounded come to the hospital from the 1st and 2nd brigades.  Very hot and many sick coming from the division.

Jul. 9

Saturday.  Nothing new in front today.  Some sick come from the reg’t again.  Our lines remained as on yesterday.  A few prisoners and woman come into our lines.

Jul. 10

Sabbath.  This morning it was found that the rebs had left the lines in front of our works and fell back to their works on the river bank to cover their crossing on pontoon bridges.  Lt. Col of the 40th Ill reg’t brought in wounded in the ankle. [ Blogger’s Note:  I believe this refers to Lt. Col. H. W. Hall who took command of the 40th Illinois upon the death of Lt. Col. Barnhill, who was killed in action on June 27, 1864]

Jul. 11

Morning cool and pleasant.  Sick all doing well, one man of the 40th Ill died today of an accidental shot and at 11 at night one brought in accidentally shot.

Jul. 12

All quiet in front this morning.  Orders to moove Division hospital to Marietta came at 1 o’clock. Went into camp west of Marietta tired and lame from the rheumatism.

Jul. 13

Morning warm. Ordered to moove the hospital again east of town.  Left with the division for a flank movement on the rebel’s right.

Jul. 14

Gen. George Stoneman, US Army

Thursday.  March at 4 o’clock am.  Stopped about ten until 4pm when we were again ordered forward, passed through Rossville [probably Roswell], the place that Stoneman captured a rebel factory*  and holding the women prisoners. From Rossville [Roswell] we traveled east and crossed the Chattahoochee River.  March about 3 miles and corralled the train and lay down to rest.

Jul. 15

Friday.  Morning cloudy and foggy looking very much for rain.  Nothing new from the front.

Jul. 16

Still resting in Camp near the river.  Rheumatism in knee.

Jul. 17

Ordered to march at 5 o’clock.  March about 7 miles and corralled the teams near Gen. Logan’s HeadQuarters.  Some skirmishing in front by the cavalry. No wounded come in today.

Jul. 18

Mooved in the direction of Decatur on the Charleston RR.  Struck the RR and destroyed 5 miles between Big Mountain and Decatur.  Camp about 10 at night near Henderson’s Mills, 12 miles east of Atlanta.

Jul. 19

Mooved out at 7, march 4 miles and haulted the train.  skirmishing in front.  March at 3 and camp near Decatur, 6 miles east of Atlanta on RR.

 

[Blogger’s Note:  I believe the following battle actions relate to the Battle of Peachtree Creek between the Army of the Cumberland (US, Gen. W.T. Sherman) and the Army of Tennessee (CSA, Gen. John B. Hood)]

Jul. 20

Wednesday.  Our division moove through Decatur, cross the RR.  Our Brig. skirmish with the rebs driving them about 4 miles on the Decatur and Atlanta RR.

Jul. 21

Pleasant morning, heavy skirmishing early this morning and about 9 o’clock the 48th Ill of the 3rd Brigade and 4th Division charge the rebel skirmishers, driving the to their rifle pits, loosing many in killed and wounded.

Jul. 22

Gen. James B. McPherson, US Army

Heavy skirmishing early in the morning until 3pm.  The rebs massed on our left and charged the Army of the Tennessee driving our men on the left for a while until reinforcements come up when they were repulsed with heavy loss all along the line. Gen. McPherson was killed in the charge but his body was secured, prisoners taken reported at 6 thousand.  Hardee reported captured. [False rumor] [ Be sure to read Gen. John Hood’s comments on the death of McPherson at the link above]

Jul. 23

Saturday.  All quiet along the line this morning and continued so during the entire day.  Many wounded rebs brought to Hosp.

Jul. 24

Sabbath.  Very quiet all day, clean up the Hosp ground and get the rebs under shelter.  Gen. Stoneman returns from destroying the Macon RR with 400 prisoners and many Darkeys.

Jul. 25

Received orders to move the Division Hosp 4 miles to the rear near the RR.  Commenced to load ambulances with wounded early this morning.  Returned about noon for what was left.  some skirmishing and cannonading all day.  Moove Hosp and wounded about 10 am.  Tired when night came.

Jul. 26

Quiet all day except cannonading.  Lieutenant Weaver was buried today.

Jul. 27

Rebs charged on the 4th Corps and were repulsed with heavy loss.

Jul. 28

Thursday.  15, 16 & 17 Corps. moove to our right.  15 Corps. attacked by the rebs but hold their ground and repulsed 2 charges and drive the rebs with great slaughter.

Jul. 29

Friday.  All quiet today as far as hear from, except heavy cannonading.

Jul. 30

Very warm with heavy rain in the afternoon.  Still waiting on rebels [in hosp].  One dies today.

Jul. 31

Sabbath.  Very warm in the morning and heavy rain.  Another reb died of wounds.

Ending location:  Near Decatur, Georgia

 

A note about Gen. Stoneman’s capture of a textile factory in Roswell, GA: (taken from here)

Two entrepreneurs incorporated the Sweetwater Manufacturing Company [in Roswell, Georgia] , completing a textile mill on this site in 1849.  The topography along Sweetwater Creek provided an ideal location for a water-powered factory. In 1857 Charles McDonald reorganized the company into the New Manchester Manufacturing Company, outfitted the factory with new machinery and tripled the output. Assets of the company were listed at $50,000.  In 1861, with the outbreak of the Civil War, production at the factory was contracted to the Confederate government. Unfortunately, by aligning with the South’s war effort, the New Manchester operation became a legitimate military target.  During the battle for Atlanta, Union General William T. Sherman ordered the destruction of mills in Roswell, Georgia and New Manchester. Indiana and Kentucky troops under the command of General Stoneman occupied New Manchester, Georgia on July 2, 1864.  The factory buildings were put to the torch on July 9th


Approximate Movement During July, 1864

 


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